safe food for dogs brown and white dog

76 Human Foods Safe For Dogs To Eat

While some human foods are perfectly safe for dogs, others can be very unhealthy and dangerous to them. This is because a dog’s digestive system is different from ours. Eating or drinking the wrong foods for them can lead to substantial health problems and possibly even death.

However, dogs can eat some human foods with absolutely no problem at all. Furthermore, they can even be beneficial providing health benefits such as stronger joints, sweeter breath, and allergy immunity. So read on to learn which human foods are safe for dogs, which human foods are beneficial, and how some need to be prepared.

  •  Bread
  • Cheese
  • Cottage Cheese
  • Chicken
  • Corn
  • Cows Milk
  • Eggs
  • Goats Milk
  • Ham
  • Honey
  • Oatmeal
  • Popcorn
  • Pork
  • Quinola
  • Rice
  • Turkey
  • Wheat/Grains
  • Yogurt

As with all online information please check your dog’s tolerance first; and remember that anything can be toxic if not eaten in moderation. Note, if your dog does show an allergic reaction to any food, then a veterinarian must be consulted immediately.

1. Bread

Dogs can eat bread in small amounts and definitely no bread dough which is dangerous to them. Whilst dogs do seem to love the taste of bread. It has no nutritional value and can leave your dog feeling bloated. Bread can also be high in carbohydrates, calories, and preservatives so it is best avoided.

Furthermore, do not feed your dog garlic, spiced; or onion pieces of bread, or those which may contain macadamia nuts. Also, limit the amount of seeded bread intake. Remember even “safe” nuts and seeds can lead to stomach irritation and pancreatitis, thanks to their high-fat content.

2. Cheese

Cheese, my dog loves it and will do virtually anything to get his grubby little paws onto it. Cheese can be a great treat, loving reward or just something to help the medicine go down well. Some dogs, however, can be lactose intolerant.

Therefore, you should always be careful when introducing a new food group to your dog for the first time.

Cheese can also be fattening so only feed your dog cheeses in small to moderate quantities at any one time. Strictly for health reasons, these would preferably be of the lower in fat varieties but it’s not obligatory.

3. Cottage Cheese

As cottage cheese is high in calcium and protein, it can be a good addition to your dog’s normal diet. However, it must be very fresh and avoid it if your dog has issues digesting dairy.

4. Chicken

Chicken is a high source of protein, so for those dogs who require extra protein in their diets, cooked, unseasoned chicken is the easiest addition to make. It also makes a great meal replacement if you’re out of dog food, and believe me, your dog will absolutely love you for it.

Raw chicken should be avoided however as the bacteria often found within raw meat could give your dog worms or even worse salmonella. 

Furthermore, avoid feeding your dog chicken bones as they are small and splinter very easily. They are known to rip and tear the digestive tract, or to cause blockages which puts a dog in great pain with a very real risk to life.

Dad’s tip: Small pieces of cooked chicken make excellent behavioral training treats.

dog waiting for human food safe to eat

5. Corn

Corn is one of the most common ingredients in dog foods. Fresh corn on the cob, however, is hard to digest. This means that excessive amounts could cause an internal blockage and so should be given in moderation.

6. Cow's Milk

Cow’s milk is not a natural food for dogs and can upset their delicate digestive systems. Some dogs, like humans; are also lactose intolerant so it is usually better to stay clear of this food. That being said, a little milk drunk by your dog once in a while should be ok; however, it is probably best just to stick to plain water.

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7. Eggs

For safety’s sake only feed your dog cooked eggs, Its the same advice that I apply to my kids!

Raw eggs are also widely reported to aid in developing a biotin deficiency in dogs. This is true and although rare, it can happen. This is because the egg whites contain avidin, an enzyme that interferes with biotin. Symptoms to look out for when identifying a biotin deficiency could include:

  • Scaly skin
  • Skin lesions
  • Dry and dull hair/coat
  • Lethargy
  • Alopecia
  • Diarrhea
  • Anorexia

However, the simple truth is that you’d need to be feeding your dog about 8 eggs a day, every day; to create a biotin deficiency.

The yolk of an egg actually contains a healthy amount of biotin. So as long as you feed your dog the entire egg, the deficiency can be avoided. Fully cooked eggs are a great source of vitamins and protein so I would encourage their inclusion into the diet.

8. Goats Milk

Often referred to as the universal mammalian milk; goats milk is actually the most consumed milk in the world. Goat milk is also a far superior milk choice for your dog. It is easily digested and has greater health-giving properties.

Due to its formulation cow milk contains a protein called alpha-s1-casein which can cause allergic reactions in dogs. Also due to the pasteurization process and heat, the lactase enzyme in raw milk is destroyed. This makes digestion difficult for dogs who don’t produce it naturally.

Goats milk, however; has a few tricks up its sleeve which allows it to be easily digestible plus less allergenic for dogs. The two main contributory factors are that the fat molecules of goats milk are one-fifth the size of cows milk. The other being that the alpha-s1-casein protein reacts differently when its produced by a goat.

Raw goat milk also has easily digested probiotics that can help with many chronic diseases that may affect your dog. Some of these diseases include:

  • Liver disease
  • Malnutrition
  • Kidney disease
  • Kidney stones
  • Diabetes
  • Poor digestion
  • Diarrhea

Fermenting goat milk adds even more probiotics. These then metabolize the lactose in the milk and combine other nutrients to create health-supporting compounds.

9. Ham

There are many variations of ham however most of them are high in fat and sodium content. This means that although ham is not one of the healthiest foods for dogs. In small quantities, it is ok to give it to them.

10. Honey

dog waiting for human food safe to eat honey
honey human foods safe for dogs to eat

Honey works for dogs in much the same way as it works for humans. Small amounts of locally produced honey can help dogs to fight off local allergens in your area. It does this by introducing small amounts of local pollen to their systems. This in turn then builds up immunity to the allergen in their system.

Honey is however very sweet and can contribute to tooth decay. Care must be taken therefore when introducing it to the dog’s normal diet. On the plus side, however, honey is packed full of essential vitamins; antioxidants, and nutrients. For these reasons honey, is an excellent human food for dogs.

11. Oatmeal

Oatmeal is an alternative source of grain for dogs that are allergic to wheat. It and is also a great source of soluble fiber for their diet. It must be noted though that oatmeal should always be fed cooked, cooled; or warm and served plain with no sugar or flavorings.

12. Popcorn

Unprocessed popcorn free of all additives, flavorings; salt, and butter is perfectly ok to give to your dog in moderation. Air-popped popcorn is best but please don’t feed your pouch unpopped kernels. It is very easy for these kernels to become wedged between the teeth and cause irritability or dental problems.

Popcorn, however, does contain riboflavin, thiamine, iron, and protein. All of which contribute greatly to the overall health of your dog.

13. Pork

Pork is a great food to give to your dog as it is tasty, full of protein; easily digested, and high in calories. It is also one of the cheaper meats and is less likely to be rejected by your dog.

14. Quinola

Surprisingly quinoa is favored by dogs and is included in some high-end dry dog foods as an active ingredient. It is full of protein and is favored by humans for its high nutritional value and other health-giving benefits. For humans, however, the raw seed has a bitter taste; therefore it is quite often mixed with other flavorings to make it more palatable.

Whilst the quinoa on your plate is good for your dog the flavorings are not. Flavorings such as onion and garlic may prove to be dangerous to your dog even in relatively small amounts. It is for this reason that I would not recommend feeding your dog flavored quinoa directly from your plate.

If you want the health benefits without the dangers, wash and cook the quinoa before feeding it to your dog. Some dogs can, however, have difficulty digesting quinoa, so start off small and work your way up. If your dog shows signs of constipation, bloating, vomiting or diarrhea then remove the quinoa from the diet.

15. Rice

Rice is good to feed when your dog has an upset tummy and needs a bland meal. White or instant rice is an easily digestible carbohydrate which makes it good when your dog has an upset tummy.

Processed white rice has no nutritional benefit whatsoever, so don’t substitute your normal dog food for this cheaper alternative. The only exception to this processed white rice rule is basmati rice.

16. Turkey

Turkey is a great meat for dogs. However, you must avoid giving turkey bones to your dog no matter how much he begs. Poultry bones can easily break or splinter internally during digestion.

This causes extreme blockages or even tears to the intestines. If you are feeding turkey scraps from your plate, do not do so if it has been seasoned with salt; onion or garlic.

17. Wheat / Grains

Wheat and grains are a great source of protein, fatty acids; minerals, and fiber and can be found in most dog foods to bulk out the meal. However, some dogs are allergic to wheat and grains.

If you believe this to be the case, have your dog testing by a veterinarian as soon as possible.

18. Yogurt

Avoid flavored yogurts and those with added sugar, sweeteners and added chocolates. When choosing yogurt, pick one that has live active bacteria as the active bacteria may act as probiotics. 

Indeed those dogs that can handle probiotics can benefit from the digestive element in the same way as humans do.

Dad’s tip Frozen yogurt is a nice summer treat for dogs.

You should always gradually introduce any new foods to your pet’s diet to avoid any stomach upsets. Feed your pet small amounts of the new food type, to begin with; and always introduce one new type of food at a time. This way if your pet does have an adverse reaction, it will be easier for you to determine the cause.

human foods safe for dogs to eat
  • Almonds
  • Cashew Nuts
  • Coconut
  • Coconut Milk/Water
  • Peanuts
  • Peanut Butter
  • Walnuts

Nuts are very high in fat and so all “safe” nuts should be fed in strict moderation without exception.

Also, nuts are not to be recommended when it comes to your dog’s regular and established diet. For example, macadamia nuts may lead to neurological abnormalities, vomiting, fever, and weakness, and should never be given.

Although some nuts contain toxins that can be highly dangerous to dogs. It is the shells of these nuts that can be even more deadly. Most nutshells are indigestible. Therefore they will rip, and tear, at a dog’s digestive tract. Blockages are also a problem as they work their way through the dog’s system.

Many commercially available nuts are also covered in additives, flavorings, salt or chocolate. Chocolate is especially toxic to dogs and can very quickly kill a dog if eaten in quantity. The same is true for nut and raisins mix where the raisins are the problem here.

Old nuts can contain mold which can cause a variety of problems including seizures, neurological distress and liver problems for dogs.

All that being said, nuts are high in fat and protein and one or two of the nuts listed below should be fine. This is only true however if your dog is nut tolerant and the nuts are served plain.

Proteins are essential nutrients, they serve many functions and are the building blocks of body tissue, crucial to your dog’s growth and development.

19. Almonds

As with most of the nuts, almonds are not … technically toxic for dogs. However, as with most nuts, almonds are high in fat, making them difficult for dogs to digest. Fatty foods can be dangerous for dogs. This is because they exceed the capability of their pancreas trying to break them down and process them.

Too much fat in a dog’s diet can lead to pancreatitis. Inflammation of the pancreas is a very painful and sometimes fatal condition. 

20. Cashew Nuts

Dogs can eat cashew nuts but only a few at a time and they must be unsalted. Cashews are a good source of magnesium, calcium; protein, and antitoxins whilst also being a tasty treat. As with all nuts though they can lead to weight gain due to their fat content, they must be given in moderation for this reason.

21. Coconut

Surprisingly, coconut can be very beneficial for dogs and they generally handle it well. This is because coconut contains lauric acid and this helps them to fight off various bacterias and viruses. Also as an added bonus, it can help with bad breath; although my dog, “Leo”; would seem to be the exception to that rule!

Lauric acid found in the meat of the coconut is good for my dog’s allergies. This helps him to combat his itchy skin, hot spots; and inflammations due to scratching.

22. Coconut Milk / Water

Here the jury is divided!  The AKC says both are safe for dogs. Just make sure to keep your dog away from the coconut shell due to its sharp edges and roughness.

The ASPCA, however, says the liquids are OK but only in small amounts. By giving your dog too much coconut milk, you may end up dealing with greasy stools, diarrhea or stomach upset. They also recommend avoiding coconut water because it’s high in potassium, which can cause health issues. Maybe your veterinarian could be the judge?

23. Peanuts

Dogs can also eat raw unsalted peanuts however due to the high-fat content of peanuts they should be eaten in moderation. An excess of peanuts, or peanut butter; could lead to excessive fat intake and allow future pancreas problems to develop.

24. Peanut Butter

Avoid peanut butter products that contain xylitol. This compound is a sugar substitute that can be very toxic to dogs.

However, dogs love peanut butter and will often behave admirably if there is a chance of a peanut butter treat. Raw unsalted peanut butter is high in healthy fats and, vitamins; moreover, it is an excellent source of natural protein for your dog.

25. Walnuts

Firstly, walnuts are very tough and high in fat and these are the main problems with ingesting multiple walnuts. Secondly, the hard sharp shells are very dangerous externally; teeth, gums, feet and internally; throat, stomach, intestine.

I would not claim that walnuts are a good example of human foods safe for dogs to eat; however, if your dog eats one it should be ok.

Do not feed Black Walnuts: Black Walnuts, native to Northeastern U.S. and Canada, are toxic to dogs.

Dogs ingesting old walnuts off the ground are running a very dangerous risk. Here they have the potential to develop tremors and seizures from walnut hulls that are moldy and contain penitrem A.

salmon human food safe for dogs to eat
  • Anchovies
  • Canned Fish
  • Cod
  • Fish Sticks
  • Mackeral
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Squid/Octopus
  • Tilapia
  • Tuna

Fish, in general, is a great source of protein, calcium, selenium, niacin and Omega-3 fats for your dog.

Many species of raw fish are not good for dogs and the bones can be especially harmful when ingested. That being said, cooked fish with the bones removed can be extremely beneficial for dogs. Fish contains good fats, amino acids, calcium, and is high in proteins, and vitamins.

As with all foods, if you are going to introduce new food to your dog’s diet, please start small; and seek the advice of a veterinarian first. Introducing a new food source into their diet is always risky. This is because different dogs, even those from the same litter may have different reactions to it.

Seafood, in particular, should be approached with caution. If you do not know the source of the fish it should be avoided altogether. This applies to all types of seafood whether it is finfish, shellfish or even fish sticks! Some dogs, however, do love fish and have no problems with it; so if in doubt say no or just use your best judgment.

Fresh seafood may be attempted as a small treat. However it must have been fully cooked, and in some cases fully cooled. It must have all bones, shells and potentially sharp bits removed as even a thin shell can lacerate an intestine. Raw fish carries with it many parasites which can be potentially fatal for dogs; so this is generally a “No-No” at all times.

The most common parasites found in raw fish are:

  • Flukes, (parasitic flatworms), known as flukes.
  • Roundworms (have tubular digestive systems with openings at both ends). 
  • Tapeworms ( A tapeworm infection can be seriously harmful. Your dog can become unwell, and infected puppies can suffer from anemia, slow growth, and intestinal blockage.

The only exception to the no raw rule is when the fish has been stored, frozen; and sold by a reputable dog food company. This is because this company will have ensured that the parasites have been eradicated in the production process.

Depending on your dog’s taste, you can either give them the fish thawed or still frozen. (some dogs prefer their fish on the crunchy side). Always ensure that the fish has been thoroughly deboned before giving it to your dog.

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What are the benefits of feeding seafood to Dogs?

Wolves will take fish from rivers and streams, however; fish is not the main part of their diet so why give it to your dog? The short answer is that the domesticated dog now has a different digestive system compared to its wild counterpart. This means that your furry friend can profit greatly from the benefits that finfish and shellfish offer.

Remember though that moderation is the key to a healthy diet. Whilst dogs can, and do, benefit from seafood as an occasional meal; this type of food should only account for a small part of their diet.

The major benefits of feeding your dog seafood are:

  • They are high in Omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Seafood is generally High in protein
  • Finfish and shellfish are generally Low in levels of fat
  • They are an excellent alternative food for dogs with allergies. (If given in moderation)

This is not always the case though and sometimes the risks can outweigh the advantages. Remember shellfish is not a natural part of a dog’s natural diet.

What are the major risks of feeding your dog seafood?

  • Your dog might be allergic to a certain type of finfish or shellfish and experience a strong allergic reaction.
  • Many fish have a presence of toxins, heavy metals such as mercury, and other pollutants.
  • There is a risk of contracting bacteria such as salmonella and listeria (if raw or not cooked properly)
  • Raw salmon has been known to contain a parasite called Neorickettsia helminthoeca, which leads to salmon poisoning in dogs.
  • Fishbones can tear through your dog’s intestine wall, block the gut, and/or pose a choking hazard.

26. Anchovies

Anchovies are very similar to other fish in terms of nutrient profile. However, their small size makes them ideal as a low-calorie snack for your dog, at just 8 calories each. Smaller dogs can safely eat two to three anchovies per day, while larger dogs can eat up to five.

Moreover, you can feed them to your dog whole as his treat; or add a few fish to his regular food. Anchovies are packed full of omega-3 fatty acids, protein, fats, calcium, selenium, and various B vitamins.  

27. Canned Fish

Any canned fish that you feed to your dog must be free of all additives, flavorings, and salt. It is safe to put a quarter of a can, or so, into your dog’s daily food. This will ultimately add some extra protein and nutrients.

Dads Tip: Try adding the water from tinned fish to some kibble, treats; or fresh veggies and freeze them into fishy pops. 

2 dogs waiting for human food safe to eat

28. Cod

Cod is another excellent fish for dogs to eat and unlike mackerel, most dogs will immediately take to it. The skin of a cod is a particular favorite for most dogs but, as with all fish; ensure it is has been cooked thoroughly before giving it to little Fido!

29. Fish Sticks

As a small treat no harm will come to your dog eating a fish stick or two. However, they have no nutritional value and can only hydrate your dog at best.

30. Mackeral

Mackerel is a fish that is rich in Omega 3 fatty acids, but can be an acquired taste. For those dogs who will take to it, the acids can help improve skin conditions; reduce allergies and improve a dog’s coat, it can even help to reduce shedding.

When served in moderation, and not on a regular basis; it can be a very beneficial part of your dog’s diet.

31. Salmon

Raw or undercooked salmon contain parasites and these parasites can make dogs very sick. For small, weak or older dogs these parasites can cause problems. These problems can be severe enough to be life-threatening or even fatal in some cases.

The symptoms include severe diarrhea, cramping, vomiting, and dehydration and veterinarian advice must be sought.

You can find more information on salmon poisoning disease on the Washington State University website.

Cooked salmon, however, is an excellent food for dogs due to its omega-3 fatty acids, amino acids; low mercury levels, and high protein content. Salmon is also included in many commercially bought dog foods and carries with it many health benefits. These benefits include a boosted immune system, stronger joints, bright eyes, and improved cognitive function.

Salmon skin: Dogs can also eat salmon skin so long as it has been cooked thoroughly and is free from seasonings. This is also true of plain canned salmon stored in water, not oil or other  additives.

The bones often found in canned salmon, are very soft and will not cause the dog any gastrointestinal issues; whilst also being a very good source of calcium.

32. Sardines

Sardines are an excellent fish to feed to your dog and have a high nutritional value. As they are small and only have a short life span, it means that their overall exposure to heavy metals and toxins is minimal; thus making them less of a threat.

Sardines also have very soft bones and do not need deboning before being given to your dog. In fact, cooked sardine bones are highly digestible and are a very good source of calcium in this case

33. Squid / Octopus

Yes, most dogs can eat squid and octopus without any problems. They are protein-rich, low in fat and calories but high in essential vitamins and vitamin B enzymes. 

Squid and octopus are also rich in zinc and copper. These aid tremendously in the production of red blood cells and the strengthening of the immune system.

34. Tilapia

Tilapia is rich in phosphorusVitamin D; folate, and potassium and low in mercury levels which makes it an excellent food for dogs. Vitamin D is essential for strong bone growth and the folate can help with intestinal problems within your dog.

Farmed tilapia, however, is low in Omega-3s because these “farmed fish” don’t eat phytoplankton and aquatic plants. These fish are usually fed on GMO corn and soy meal-based diets. This means that they are also low in nutritional value and have a higher risk of parasitic infection.

I addition to this farmed fish in general are often fed low-quality foods and dosed with antibiotics, pesticides, and hormones in large quantities. If you must buy farmed fish then look for the Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) seal.

Farmed fish bearing this seal will be safe for your dog to eat.

35. Tuna

Tuna is a long-lived and large sea fish. This means it could contain higher levels of mercury compared to other fish. Simply put, the larger the fish and the longer it lives, the higher the concentration of mercury within it. 

It is for this reason that there is a fair amount of debate about whether or not; it is entirely safe for dogs. (The great fish debate).

Symptoms of mercury poisoning in dogs include:

  • Hair loss
  • Anxiety or nervousness
  • Blindness
  • Kidney damage (inability to urinate, abdominal swelling)
  • Loss of coordination
  • Loss of feeling in paws
  • Tremors
  • Vomiting blood
  • Watery or bloody diarrhea

All that being said, canned tuna and shrimp remain the highest consumed tinned fish in America, as many dogs, as well as humans, love it. 

Tuna is very high in protein and omega-3 fatty acids which are essential for maintaining that glossy coat, bright eyes; and a healthy heart. If your dog is of a small breed, however, maybe it would be best to give tuna a miss.

dog waiting for human food safe for dogs to eat
  • Oysters/Clams/Mussels
  • Crab
  • Lobster
  • Prawns
  • Shrimp

When cooked and thoroughly cleared of their shells, some shellfish can be eaten by dogs. The meat is of high nutritional value but must come from a reputable source to avoid problems. Shellfish are an excellent source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and essential minerals like zinc, iron, and magnesium.

Do not feed your pooch raw shellfish as they can carry intestinal parasites, so it should always be cooked first. 

36 - 37 - 38 Oysters / Clams / Mussels

Oysters, clams, and mussels are generally rich in vitamin B12, protein, iron, zinc, copper, calcium, phosphorus. They are also rich in selenium and Omega-3 fats. When it comes to toxic heavy metal contamination they are low risk; and they are generally nutrient-dense, as they live in mineral-rich waters.

If you are feeding these foods as scraps from your plate then everything should be ok. This is because they are for human consumption. Oysters, clams, and mussels from other, (non-confirmed), sources should be avoided, however, because they are filter feeders.

They pump water through their systems, filtering out and eating algae and other food particles. When shellfish eat biotoxin producing algae, the biotoxin can accumulate in their tissue.

This means that they can take up toxins from microalgae such as dinoflagellates which can cause paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) in both humans and dogs. If you want to feed these foods to your dog for the nutrients that they provide, make sure you know their origins. 

They should be harvested only from clean; cool waters from reputable suppliers who regularly test their products for signs of contamination.

39. Crab

Yes dogs can eat crab meat, it’s highly nutritious and very flavorsome to most dogs. The best way to prepare the dish is to steam the meat and don’t season or add anything to it. The meat itself is nutritious enough but it must only be fed with strict moderation.

Crab is naturally high in sodium, iodine, and cholesterol; which when consumed to excess are often very difficult for a dog to digest. Too much sodium leads to hypernatremia which can cause heart disease, high blood pressure, and problems with circulation in dogs.

Crabmeat is also high in iodine and while it’s not common, some dogs can be allergic to iodine. If your dog is allergic to the iodine in crab meat he will begin to show the symptoms within 5 hours of consumption. Iodine allergy symptoms include watery nose and eyes, lethargy, and diarrhea however most dogs recover relatively quickly.

If your dog is distressed, and these symptoms persist; talk to your veterinarian for advice.

40. Lobster

Cooked lobster is an excellent source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and essential minerals like zinc, phosphorus, and magnesium. 

Lobster shells and shell pieces, no matter how small however are very dangerous to dogs. These shells are not digestible and are very sharp, therefore; take care when giving your pooch lobster meat.

41. Prawns

Cooked prawns are an excellent source of protein, B-vitamins, and phosphorus. Cook prawns before consumption as these raw shellfish can carry intestinal parasites. Remove all shells as they can be a danger to small dogs

42. Shrimp

Not a regular food for dogs but so long as its fully cooked the odd shrimp will be fine. Be sure to give your dog only the main body of the shrimp for your complete mental security; (no shell, head, tail or legs). The shell and tail are of particular concern as the tough covering can lacerate a dog’s mouth and digestive system.

Shrimp are full of antioxidants, low in calories, high in minerals and are easy for dogs to digest. The minerals include iron, calcium and phosphorous that help to strengthen the bones and teeth. Like salmon, however, raw shrimp is loaded with bacteria. It must, therefore, be fully cooked in order to be safe for your dog.

A word of warning though, fried shrimp contains large amounts of fat. This, if excessively eaten, could cause digestive problems or even inflammation of the pancreas. Shrimp is also high in cholesterol so it should not be fed to a dog with weight problems; or a poor cardiovascular system.

There is little nutritional value to be gained from feeding fried fish to your dog. Adding extra oils to fish will only result in extra fat storage. This will eventually lessen a dog’s health over time.

Final Thoughts on Fish for Dogs

  • There is a way to prevent your dog from getting parasites from raw fish, freeze it for 10 days minimum! Freezing will kill parasites in the fish making it safe for your dog to eat.
  • The basic rule of thumb when it comes to feeding fish to your dog is to always cook the fish as simply as possible.
  • Always introduce a new food to your dog’s diet in small increments and check for unexpected reactions.
  • If your dog has not eaten fish in the past, please check with a veterinarian prior to this change in diet.
  • Avoid a lot of added unnecessary calories, fats, and spices when preparing the fish. You want healthy treats not unhealthy treats that send them to the veterinarian.
  • Fishbones can tear through your dog’s intestine wall, block the gut, and/or pose a choking hazard.
  • Avoid a lot of added unnecessary calories and fats when preparing the fish. You want these to be healthy treats for your pup, not something that sends them to the vet.
  • Fishbones can tear through your dog’s intestine wall, block the gut, and/or pose a choking hazard.
  • Some fish are high in the presence of toxins, and heavy metals such as mercury, and other pollutants.
  • Raw fish should only be purchased if you know the supplier is reputable.

apricots
  • Apples
  • Apricots
  • Bananas
  • Blackberries
  • Blueberries
  • Boysenberries
  • Cantaloupe
  • Cranberries
  • Cucumber
  • Mango
  • Oranges
  • Papaya
  • Peaches
  • Pears
  • Pineapple
  • Pumpkin
  • Raspberries
  • Strawberries
  • Tomato
  • Watermelon

Although this is a safe list of foods to eat, this is so serious I felt obliged to mention it!

For dogs eating grapes, raisins, sultanas and currants it can very quickly lead to acute renal failure and death.

Unfortunately, there’s no clear link between the size of your dog and the amount eaten when determining the seriousness of the poisoning, so it’s best not to feed any grapes, raisins, sultanas or currants to your dog. 

For a list of essential oils dangerous to dogs please read; Essential oils and the danger to cats, dogs and birds.

Many dogs consistently benefit from a healthy measure of fruit and vegetables added to their diet. The addition of fruits and vegetables to your pet’s diet will also ensure that they’re getting plenty of essential nutrients; vitamins, and minerals.

This will help them to stay active, be strong and healthy, strengthen their immune system and live a long life. It should come as no surprise to learn then, that most canned dog food and kibble; is a combination of meat protein and vegetable matter.

(Dogs are now omnivores!)

This is not just a way to keep costs down, but also a recognition of the importance of; recognizing the change to our dog’s metabolism. Domesticated dogs are now omnivores, meaning that they can eat meat or plant-based foods. This, therefore, means that they and can benefit from the large range of nutrients within them.

It is therefore critical to learn which fruits and vegetables dogs can eat. For dogs, eating the wrong foods can lead to long-term health problems and, in extreme cases, even death. Read on to find out which fruits and vegetables are safe for dogs and which parts of them to avoid.

Dad’s tip: Dog treats can be high in additives, preservatives, and calories; so fruits and vegetables can provide a cheaper and much healthier alternative.

Introducing new foods into your dog’s diet may cause upset stomach issues such as vomiting or diarrhea or worse! Be cautious to introduce only one new food at a time to help you spot any health changes.

43. Apples

Apples are a great source of vitamins and fiber for your dog. They are also a great moist, yet crunchy treat. Not all dogs will eat apples however and apple seeds, contain trace amounts of cyanide. Do not allow your dog to eat them for this reason.

Though the effects of a few apple seeds will likely not harm your dog, the cumulative effect can; over time, accumulate and may cause harm to your dog.

Leo, however, won’t touch them. (I think he has been watching the local teenagers)!

44. Apricots

Dogs can safely eat apricots. However, the seed/pit can be a choking hazard and contains a small amount of cyanide.

The fleshy fruit, however, is very nutritious and contains many essential vitamins and minerals. They are full of potassium and beta-carotene which can help fight against cancer. Apricots are great when fed to your dog frozen on a hot day.

45. Bananas

Bananas are naturally high in sugar and stimulate the fat-storing gene so don’t feed your dog too many bananas. That being said, they are also high in potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin C; manganese and fiber whilst being low in sodium.

Dads tip: If your dog has an upset stomach or just isn’t feeling too well; mash up a little banana into his regular meal. As it will help his tummy settle.

46. Blackberries

Cultivated blackberries are notable for their significant contents of dietary fiber, vitamin C, & K, manganese and folic acid. The sugar to fiber content, however; is about even so they are not as good for your canine as raspberries are. Blackberries also contain both soluble and insoluble fiber components, essential to your dog’s health.

47. Blueberries

Definitely on the safe list. This is due to their low calorie, low sugar but high antioxidant levels which help prevent cell and tissue damage. They do make a healthy treat, however, they can discolor the feces which can make for an interesting day out!

Blueberries are also a good source of fiber and Vitamin C. It is also reported that they lessen the chances of your dog developing urinary tract infections

48. Boysenberries

Boysenberries contain several essential vitamins and minerals and are anti-oxidant rich fruits. This helps in preventing cell damage and in promoting new cell growth. They are high in fiber that aids digestion and smooth bowel movements and are also rich in potassium, folate; and other vital nutrients crucial for neurological developments.

large quantities of the fruit can cause diarrhea, and as the fruit is sugar-rich; dogs should eat boysenberries in moderation to avoid weight problems.

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49. Cantaloupe

Cantaloupe is high in sugar and should be given sparingly as a treat for dogs who are overweight. It is, however, an excellent source of fiber, niacin, folate, potassium, Vitamin C and vitamin B6. 

Care must be taken with the skin as it is hard to digest and could be a choking hazard.

50. Cranberries

Whilst cranberries are safe for a dog to eat, many dogs find the taste too tart on their own. The main benefit derived from cranberries is that they can help with urinary tract infections. To make them more palatable to your dog try stewing them down with a bit of water. (no additives required).

Cranberries can cause an upset stomach so only add about a teaspoon or two to their meals to avoid this.

51. Cucumber

Cucumber is a treat needing only a wash before giving it to your dog. Beware of large portions which can be a choking hazard, (especially for small dogs and puppies); however, all of the fruit can be eaten. 

They are a good low-cholesterol, low-fat, and low-sodium food for your dog but should still be given in moderation. Plus it can be a low-calorie hydrating treat, (95% water), that may help with inflammation and high blood pressure.

Packed with vitamins and minerals including; Vitamin B1, C & K, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, and copper. Cucumbers are also rich in fiber and contain beta-carotene and manganese. 

52. Mango

Fresh mango contains vitamins A, C, E, and B6 and is high in natural sugar content. The hard stone/pit contains trace amounts of cyanide and so should not be fed to your dog. It is also a major choking hazard. To avoid obesity and blood sugar problems mango should only be offered in small quantities.

dog waiting for human food safe to eat

53. Oranges

Oranges are high in vitamin C but are also high in citric acid. This means that although they are safe for dogs the chances are that they won’t eat them. The strong citrus smell may offend their sensitive noses, and the citric acid their stomachs; so maybe this is one food to give a miss.

If you do insist on feeding your pooch oranges, then they are an excellent source of vitamin C; potassium and fiber. Orange peel is also rough on their digestive systems however so only offer them the flesh minus the pips.

54. Papaya

The papaya is a tropical fruit that is high in nutrients and antioxidants. It is another healthy fruit for your dog when given in moderation. Papaya contains vitamins A, C, E, and K, as well as folate, potassium, and calcium; which aids heart and immune system health.

The seeds do however contain trace amounts of cyanide and can cause a blockage. The Papaya fruit contains high amounts of an enzyme known as papain, however, please only feed the ripe fruit.

This enzyme works great as a digestion aid for breaking down protein which may be of benefit to some dogs.

55. Peaches

As long as you remove the stone/pit first then peaches are safe for a dog to eat. The stone/pit contains trace amounts of cyanide however the choking hazard for small dogs is high due to its size. Canned peaches are fine unless they are in syrup.

56. Pears

Pears are high in potassium, magnesium, vitamins C, K & B6, and carbohydrates at 15%. They make a great summery snack but be sure to cut pears into bite-size chunks and remove the seeds first.

Pears canned in syrup are not ok. While the syrup is not toxic, it has a very high sugar content and that is not recommended for your dog.

57. Pineapple

It is safe for dogs to eat pineapple flesh but not the outer skin. It is a choking hazard and the crowns could scratch the airway whilst being swallowed. The fruit is full of vitamin C, potassium, and manganese whilst also being incredibly low in fat. 

It also has lots of fibrous content which is important for the dietary track.

Pineapple is very safe for dogs to consume and my dog; “Leo,” loves to crunch frozen pineapple on a hot day.

58. Pumpkin

Pumpkin is a good source of fiber and beta carotene. (Beta carotene is a precursor of vitamin A). Dogs need vitamin A for healthy skin and mucous membranes, their immune system, and good eye health.

The fiber content in pumpkin helps to keep the gastrointestinal, (GI) tract moving. This, in turn, keeps the cells lining the gut healthy.

Dad’s tip: Use pumpkin to help soothe a dog’s tummy as it may well get things going again!

59. Raspberries

These little fruits are great for dogs as they are higher in dietary fiber than they are sugar content! They also contain a good amount of calcium to support those aging bones plus vitamin C and manganese. Raspberries are a really good all-round treat for your dog.

60. Strawberries

Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of manganese. These little fruits, however, carry 2.5 times more sugar than dietary fiber; so please give them to your dog in strict moderation.

61. Tomato

So, can dogs eat tomatoes?

The answer is both yes and no. Ripe tomatoes are nontoxic to dogs and can be eaten in moderation.  Unripe “green” tomatoes and the actual tomato plant are poisonous to dogs and should be avoided.

This is because the stems, leaves and unripe green tomatoes of the plant contain a substance called solanine.  When eaten in large enough quantities solanine is harmful to dogs. 

Keep dogs away from tomato plants, by fencing off your garden area or by supervising your dog when in the garden.

62. Watermelon

Watermelon seeds can be a hazard to dogs. These seeds can clump together within the gastral tract to form a blockage. It’s, therefore, best to remove the seeds first whenever possible.

The outer rind can also prove to be dangerous, so only feed your dog the inner flesh of the fruit.

Dad’s tip: Feed frozen chunks of watermelon to your dog on a hot day to keep him hydrated as it is 92% water.

bulldog eating pumpkin
  • Asparagus
  • Bell Peppers
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Green Beans
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Spinach
  • Sprouts
  • Sweet Potato
  • Zucchini

63. Asparagus

Asparagus is high in fiber, has a lot of vitamins, and is an excellent source of potassium. It is a very good source of fiber, folate, vitamins A, C, E, and K, as well as chromium. Dog’s may have difficulty digesting raw asparagus as it is so tough and extremely fibrous; so it must be steamed until soft.

64. Bell Peppers

Bell peppers,(red, green, orange, yellow ):

First of all, you should know that bell peppers are also known as capsicum or sweet peppers in some countries. All bell pepper varieties provide beta carotene, fiber, and antioxidants. Make sure to cut peppers up into manageable sized pieces and feed with the stem removed to help boost immune function.

They are rich in Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin E; and Vitamin K as well as potassium and folate. Bell peppers can be eaten raw or cooked, but raw peppers can be hard to digest; so a little light steaming is preferable.

65. Broccoli

Broccoli is high in fiber and vitamin C whilst being low in fat. Give this vegetable in small quantities; because broccoli florets contain isothiocyanates, which can cause mild-to-potentially-severe gastric irritation in some dogs.

The large stems are also a potential choking hazard and, therefore; dogs should only eat small pieces.

This is because broccoli florets contain isothiocyanates, which can cause mild-to-potentially-severe gastric irritation in some dogs.

66. Cabbage

Purple, red, savoy… all types of antioxidant-rich cabbage is safe for dogs to eat and can be very beneficial. 

The anthocyanins found in red cabbage are well-documented, anti-inflammatory compounds; and make red cabbage a standout anti-inflammatory food for this reason.

Eating cabbage can aid in digestion, fight cancer, and improve skin and fur health for dogs. All varieties of cabbage are high in vitamins C, B-6 plus calcium; minerals, and fiber whilst also being low in calories. It is best to cook cabbage before feeding to allow for easier digestion.

67. Carrots

Carrots contain the essential vitamins A, C, K, and B-6 plus the minerals potassium, magnesium and iron. They are a very healthy treat for your dog in both raw and cooked forms. Some dogs just like to crunch on them without even eating them!

They also contain beta-carotene, which helps maintain healthy skin and eye health.

68. Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a good source of fiber, vitamins K, C, B-6 calcium; potassium, iron, and folate whilst being low in calories. This high mix of essential vitamins and minerals helps to maintain and improve the health of your dog’s vision, blood; liver, muscles, immune system, and more.

Cauliflowers mix of vitamins and antioxidants may even help to reduce inflammation and help older pets with arthritis pain. However, too much cauliflower may lead to an upset stomach, gas and other digestion issues. 

Serve steamed, plain without the leaves or stem or even crushed up and placed into the dog’s regular wet food.

69. Celery

Celery is low in calories, packed full of nutrients and antioxidants in addition to vitamins A, B, and C. It also has a high water content that has been shown to help freshen your pet’s breath.

However, too much celery is also reported to cause some dogs to urinate a great deal more than usual.  

70. Green Beans

Green beans are a good source of protein and iron for dogs, whether they are raw, frozen, chopped, steamed, or canned. On the list of the world’s healthiest foods, green beans, among other legumes; have repeatedly shown the ability to lower the risk of chronic diseases.

Included in the list of diseases are type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and coronary heart disease. As an added bonus, green beans can make a healthy snack that can help dogs to slim down!

Dad’s tip: Dogs love a frozen, pre-cooked green bean snack in the summer.

71. Lettuce

Lettuce helps to add water and much-needed fiber to a dog’s diet. This aids in keeping them both hydrated and regular during hot weather. The leaves should be cut into very thin slices to make it palatable. These can then be placed within or on top of their usual food. 

dog waiting for safe human food
dog waiting for human food safe to eat

72. Peas

Frozen, thawed, steamed, mashed or canned; peas can make a nice, one-off, snack or a complement to a dog’s normal diet. As with all canned products though, please check the additives and sodium contents first. 

Peas contain vitamin B, thiamin, and potassium which can boost energy levels whilst improving bone health in a dog.

73. Spinach

Widely regarded as a superfood, spinach contains almost every vitamin and mineral required to meet your dog’s dietary needs. That being said, Spinach is high in oxalic acid; which blocks the body’s ability to absorb calcium and can lead to kidney damage.

Although very large quantities would need to be digested for this to occur; a dog with pre-existing kidney problems would do best to avoid this food. 

Boiled spinach very quickly loses its nutritional benefits, whilst raw spinach cannot be broken down by a dog’s stomach. Therefore in truth, it may be best to avoid this superfood altogether.

74. Sprouts

These little balls of flavor are packed full of essential nutrients and antioxidants that are great for dogs. They are naturally high in fiber, low in calories and contain good quantities of calcium, iron, and magnesium.

Just like in humans, however, Brussel sprouts can cause flatulence issues; so it is best not to overfeed your dog on these treats.

75. Sweet Potato

Sweet potato contains vitamins A, C, and B-6, and minerals including iron, calcium, selenium thiamine, niacin, and even copper. Because of these nutrients, sweet potatoes are much more beneficial to dogs than regular white potatoes.

Sweet potatoes are also a rich source of fiber and water which, over time; can work together with these nutrients to soothe digestive problems and can settle stomach upsets.

76. Zucchini

In a culinary context, the zucchini is treated as a vegetable, although botanically, zucchinis are fruits. Zucchini is a good source of vitamin C, magnesium and potassium and may offer dogs some protection from infections, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases.

5 Tips For Serving Fruits And Vegetables To Dogs

  • Always introduce new foods gradually and look for any signs of discomfort before proceeding further.
  • Wash and clean your fruit and vegetables in a baking soda wash. This will disinfect, rinse away dirt and remove any residue of pesticide and chemicals.
  • Make fresh fruit and vegetables even easier to eat. Cut them into small bits, mash or even puree the food for easier digestion. For larger dogs, serve by the slice or whole berry but never overfeed.
  • Remember to keep these treats under the ratio of 10% of the natural dietary intake.
  • Try feeding them as frozen treats. (as some dogs might not know what to do with the new texture of fruit).

When In Doubt About Any Human Foods Safe For Dogs To Eat, Ask A Veterinarian For Advice

If your dog is acting strangely or experiencing minor symptoms of weakness, lack of coordination, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. and you think they may have consumed something they shouldn’t have, seek a veterinarian’s attention immediately. If you wait too long, your dog might not make it.

What If You Cannot Reach Your Veterinarian?

In an emergency, when you cannot reach your veterinarian, immediately contact your local animal emergency clinic or call the animal poison hotline at 888-232-8870. You can also try the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 888-426-4435.

Disclaimer: Information published on this website is intended for reference use only. The only clear option for ensuring your dog’s health is to feed commercial-grade dog foods and treats only. Feeding human foods of any sort carries some degree of risk and is not under the control of this website.

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sustainability dad

Mark Aspland is a proud father of two boys, would be amateur actor and green living enthusiast. He has been sharing hints, tips and sustainable living content on his website Sustainability Dad since august 2019. 

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He now has an army of followers who are like hearted individuals passionate about the environment and how to affect positive change through peaceful action.